When to pray?
It is obligatory to perform the following five prayers every day during the prescribed times:
- Salat al-Fajr (Pre-Dawn prayer): 2 rak'ahs
- Salat al-Dhur ( Midday prayer): 4 rak'ahs
- Salat al-`Asr (Afternoon prayer): 4 rak'ahs
- Salat al-Maghrib (Post-Dusk/Sunset prayer): 3 rak'ahs
- Salat al-`Isha (Night prayer): 4 rak'ahs
How to pray:
Stand facing the direction of the Qiblah (NE from Toronto) and state your intention “I offer this ____ (name of a particular prayer) prayer, of ____ (number of units) rak`ahs seeking closeness to God.”
The First Rak`ah
Takbiratul Ihram: Raise hands to ears, palms facing forwards, and say the words "Allahu akbar” (God is Greatest)
Qiyam: Remain in the standing position while reciting Sura Al-Fatiha and Sura al-Ikhlas.
Sura Al-Fatiha: "Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim. AI-hamdu lillahi Rabbil-'Alamin Ar-Rahmanir-Rahim Maliki Yawmid-Din Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'in Ihdinas-siratal-mustaqim Siratal-Idhina an'amta `alayhim Ghayril-maghdubi 'alayhim waladh-dhallin"
(In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. Praise belongs to God, Lord of the World, the Merciful, the Compassionate, Master of the Day of Judgement; We worship only You, and from You alone do we seek help. Lead us on the straight path, the path of those whom You have blessed, not of those on whom is [Your] Wrath, nor of those who have gone astray.)
Sura al-Ikhlas "Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim Qul Huwa-llahu Ahad, Allahus-Samad, Lam yalid wa lam yu lad, wa lam yakun lahu kufuwan Ahad." (In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. Say: ‘He is God, the One, God the Eternal and Besought of all,Neither begetting nor begot, Nor is there anything comparable or equal to Him.)
After completing Sura al-Ikhla, say "Allahu akbar” (God is Greatest) and then bow down until the hands can be placed on the knees and say "Subhana Rabbiyal Azimi wabihamdih (Glory be to my Lord, the Great, and praise belongs to Him) rise and while standing recite:"Sami `allahu liman bamidah" (God hears the one who praises Him.) Say "Allahu akbar” (God is Greatest), then go into Sujud.
While performing the sujud, it is obligatory that both the palms and the knees, and both the big toes be placed on the ground. Recite "Subhaana rabbiy al-a`laa wa bihamdih" (Glory be to my Exalted Lord, and praise belongs to Him.)
After first sujud, raise the forehead and sit up in a kneeling position with the ankle of the right foot in the sole of the left foot, with hands resting on the thighs and say "Allahu akbar” (God is Greatest) followed by Astaghfirullaaha rabbee wa atoobu ilayh.(I ask forgiveness of God, my Lord, and turn towards Him.) followed by "Allahu akbar”. Repeat the sujud again and then sit up in a kneeling position and say "Allahu akbar”. Sit up for a moment and then rise while saying: "Bihawlillaahi wa quwwatihi aqoomu wa aq`ud." (With God’s help and through His power I stand and sit.)
After regaining the upright posture, recite Sura al-Fatiha and another Sura al-Ikhlas. Then say "Allahu akbar” (God is Greatest), and then do Qunut.
Qunut: Keep your hands in front of your face, turning the palms facing upwards, and keeping both the hands and the fingers close together. Recite "Rabbanaa aatinaa fi’d-dunyaa hasanatan, wa fi’l-aakhirati hasanatan, wa qinaa `adhaab an-naar." (O our Lord! Bestow upon us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the fire.) Say "Allahu akbar” (God is Greatest), followed by the ruku`, then the two sujud, both as described for the first rak`ah.
Tashahhud : After the second prostration resume the kneeling position, and recite: Ash hadu al laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan `abduhu wa rasuluh. Allaahumma salli `alaa Muhammadin wa Aali Muhammad. (I bear witness that there is no god apart from Allah, Who is unique and without partners. I also bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Prophet.O God, bl ess Muhammad and the progeny of Muhammad).
If you are performing the Fajr prayer, go to Completion.
If you are performing the Duhr ( Midday ), `Asr (Afternoon), Maghrib (Dusk), or `Isha (Night) prayer, continue by standing up for the third unit while reciting "Bihawlillaahi wa quwwatihi aqoomu wa aq`ud." (With God’s help and through His power I stand and sit.)
At-Tasbihat al-Arba`ah : After regaining the upright posture, either recite Sura al-Fatiha, or recite al-Tasbihat al-Arba`ah three times, as follows: "Subhaanallaahi wa’l hamdu lillaahi wa laa ilaaha illallaahu wallaahu Akbar." (Glory be to God, and praise be to God; there is no god but Allah, and Allah is Greater)
Perform the ruku`, stand up momentarily and then do the two sujud. This is exactly as described under section First Rak`ah.
If you are performing the Maghrib (Dusk/Post Sunset) prayers, recite the Tashahhud next. Then skip the rest and go to Completion.
If you are performing the Duhr ( Midday ), `Asr (Afternoon), or `Isha (Night) prayer, continue by standing up for the fourth rak`ah while reciting Bihawlillahi…. as described at the end of the section First Rak`ah.
This is identical to the third rak`ah. After the second prostration resume the kneeling position, and recite the Tashahhud.
After reciting the Tashahhud of the final rak`ah, recite the Taslim (Salutation) which completes your prayer: Assalaamu `alayka ayyuhan nabiyyu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh. Assalamu `alaynaa wa `alaa `ibaadil laahis saaliheen. Assalamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh. (Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and God’s mercy and blessing. Peace be upon us, and upon the righteous servants of God. Peace be upon you [all], and God’s mercy and blessing). Thereafter say Allahu akbar” (God is Greatest) three times.